Nephrology is the specialty that studies and treats kidney diseases, its field is the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases that affect the kidney and its consequences. Also offers to patients with kidney failure the replacement treatment therapies such as hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplantation.
The services we offer in the ESH nephrology department include the management of patients from the moment of the onset of kidney disease. Although our objective is the prevention of kidney diseases, that is why we have a comprehensive program for the prevention and early detection of these diseases.
Prevention and Early Detection program
Many factors influence the development of chronic kidney disease, medications, food, other diseases such as cardiovascular disease and inflammatory diseases.
Prevention continues to be the best treatment to prevent the development of the disease. At our center, we offer multidisciplinary advice on medications and lifestyle to reduce the chances of developing kidney disease. In addition to screening for the early detection of these diseases.
There are multiple diseases that affect the kidneys, in different degrees of severity and progression. Some of the kidney diseases can be detected from the beginning of their development and others can be masked until they reach kidney failure.
Early diagnosis and correct monitoring of kidney diseases helps to slow down their progression and detect treatable diseases in early stages.
Hereditary kidney diseases
Hereditary kidney diseases are a group of genetic diseases that affect the kidney and are transmitted from parents to children. Early detection and genetic diagnosis help prevent the evolution of diseases and limit their progression.
Kidney stones is a very frequent disease and a very frequent cause of abdominal pain, they can cause kidney damage that, if not treated, can lead to irreversible kidney damage.
Also known as diabetic kidney disease, is the chronic loss of kidney function occurring in diabetic patients. Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the world. The correct control of diabetes and the early detection of diabetic nephropathy slows the progression towards terminal kidney disease.
Hypertensive nephropathy Untreated high blood pressure can lead to kidney damage and in case of progression leads to end-stage kidney disease with complete loss of kidney function.
Acute kidney injury
Acute kidney injury is the total or partial loss of kidney function in an abrupt manner that can last for hours or days and may even require treatment with dialysis. It is normally reversible, but if it is not treated correctly and in time, it can evolve into total renal failure.
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease is the gradual loss and destruction of kidney function, leading to the need for renal replacement therapy. The correct diagnosis in the early stages and good follow-up slow down the progression and slow down the evolution towards the total loss of the kidney.
Blood pressure is a measurement of the force exerted against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood to your body. Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. If untreated, blood pressure can lead to many medical conditions. These include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, eye problems, and other health problems.
When the situation is reached in which the kidneys are unable to eliminate toxins and accumulated waste in the body of excess water, or in cases where the patient presents severe symptoms due to loss of kidney function, we must start renal replacement therapy. One of the modalities is the Hemodialysis, and one that consists of the artificial purification of the blood under the control of a team of doctors, nurses, and dialysis technicians.
It is another modality of renal treatment, in which the patient performs it with his hands after training by the medical-nurse team. It is based on the introduction of a special liquid in the abdominal cavity and removes it after some hours. This modality of purification allows the patient to preserve residual renal function and have more autonomy.
In order to carry out the hemodialysis treatment, vascular access is necessary, it is the way to withdraw and return the blood to the patient in a safe and effective way.
One of the pillars of the success of renal replacement therapy is having good vascular access.
In our center, we work so that the patient has the best option of vascular access both arteriovenous fistula and both permanent and temporary catheters.
A kidney transplant is still the best option for patients. They can even lead normal lives after transplant. In our center, we offer advice before transplant and follow-up after transplant, in addition to monitoring and adjustment of immunosuppressive medication.
Genetic studies of kidney patients help diagnose and predict the chances of transmission of inherited kidney disease.
Not only is cancer often associated with abnormalities that affect the kidney, but cancer therapy often leads to both acute and chronic kidney diseases. The development of cancer-associated kidney complications is associated with poor prognosis, while prompt recognition and treatment initiation is associated with improved outcomes in this population.