What is varicose veins?
It is called varicose veins when the veins are seen under the skin in blue color, enlarged and folded. As a result of insufficiency in the vein valve or clotting in the balls, pressure and swelling appear in the vein. Over time, the vein expands and curls. It occurs in those who spend time sitting still and constantly, or those who work for a long time. Since pregnancy, obesity, birth control pills and hormone treatments, tight clothes, high-heeled shoes are conditions associated with women, the incidence of varicose disease is approximately 4 times that of men. It is diagnosed early in women compared to men, by referring to a doctor with the thought that it impairs leg aesthetics. Chronic constipation and smoking are among the factors that cause varicose veins. In addition, genetic factors have an important place among the factors that cause varicose veins.
What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
- Blue purple bumps on the legs
- Feeling of heaviness in the legs
- Swelling of the legs
- Numbness in the legs
What are the varieties of varicose veins?
Capillary veins (telangiectasia): It occurs as a result of cracking of capillaries. They look like a spider web in the image. It may occur during pregnancy or be seen in those who use hormones.
* Reticular varicose veins: Mostly seen behind the knee and around the ankle. It is slightly fluffy and blue.
* Large vein varicose veins: It is formed as a result of the failure of the big vein called saphenous vein in the leg. They become quite fluffy and greenish.
Although initially thought to only cause discomfort as an image, over time, they can lead to severe pain, inflammation in the vein, rupture of the varicose vein and bleeding into the lungs (pulmonary embolism). So it needs to be treated.
How to treat varicose veins?
The most traditional method is the removal of varicose veins. It is less preferable because it is troublesome and the healing process is long. Another method is vascular sclerotherapy. It is tried to correct the varicose vein by giving foam into the vein, but in this method, the varicose vein will probably recur.
Thanks to a catheter placed in the vein, the vein can be burned by sending a beam from the laser device or by sending radio waves into the vein. During these procedures, only local anesthesia is used and patients can have daily treatment and leave the hospital.
How to prevent varicose veins?
- Regular exercise (running, walking, cycling, swimming)
- Not standing or sitting for a long time
- Getting rid of excess weight
- Not to sit with your legs crossed for a long time
- Not wearing too tight and tight clothing
- Not wearing heels
- Protection from constipation, consuming high fiber foods
- After standing for a long time, lift the legs up and rest
- Staying away from hot springs
- Using varicose socks
- Massaging other parts of the leg, not directly on the varicose veins