Diabetes is one of the important diseases that affect societies from past to present. This disease occurs with the rise of blood sugar and damages many organs. It is possible to find wounds and diabetic foot symptoms in the feet of most diabetic patients. In addition, as a result of the negative effects of the nerves in the sweat and sebaceous glands in the hands and feet due to diabetes, the moisture balance of the skin is disturbed, and in case of dryness, microbes increase and trigger wound formation.
It is important to be fast in the diagnosis and treatment of the diabetic foot. Otherwise, even tissue loss or foot loss may occur if standing too late.
What are the symptoms of diabetic foot injury?
- Fingers getting blister
- Fungal infection occurring between the fingers
- Bending of the thumb towards other fingers (hallux valgus)
- Heel spur
- Heel pain
- Claw foot
- Nail sticking
- Dryness and cracks on the skin
- Callus and ulcer
- Wart formation
- Pain sensations during walking or resting
- Peeling and inflammation of the skin
- Thickening of the skin
How is it treated?
The main treatment method is to relieve leg stenosis or obstruction that causes foot discomfort by balloon or stent. Surgical methods require anesthesia-narcosis and the procedure is performed by opening large incisions. This requires a longer stay in the hospital and it takes some time for the incision wounds to heal. It is preferred in the treatment of balloon and stent from direct skin (percutaneous) performed with interventional radiology methods, since there are no narcosis and large incisions and also it does not require a long wait to be discharged. Stent or balloon cannot be applied in long-distance stenosis and obstruction. In this case, bypass surgeries are performed by vascular surgery and successful results are obtained.
How to Prevent Diabetic Foot?
Points to be considered to prevent recurrence or diabetic foot development after treatment:
- Careful use of sugar medications with regular blood sugar monitoring
- Following the diet and gaining regular eating habits
- Absolutely avoiding cigarettes and alcohol
- Long walks (at least 8000 steps a day)
- Paying attention to foot hygiene and wearing clean socks every day by washing the feet
- The use of special shoes and socks for diabetics in the protection of feet.