Sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted from person to person through vaginal, anal and oral routes by contact of body fluids such as sperm, vaginal discharge and blood. Symptoms vary depending on the type of the disease transmitted, but mostly it can be seen in the genital and anal area or in the mouth with the appearance of a water bladder, with symptoms such as swelling, pain and burning, accompanied by discharge from the genitals, diarrhea and nausea. It is extremely important to detect and treat sexually transmitted diseases in the early period in order to prevent transmission of the disease to other individuals.
What are the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases?
VAGINAL DISCHARGE: It is normal for every woman to have vaginal discharge in some periods. This discharge, which is defined as the physiological discharge, secreted from the cervix and the uterus, is mostly similar to egg white, clear and odorless. The increase in the amount of discharge during the ovulation period, pregnancy and sexual intercourse, and the darkening of the color are also normal. In the presence of a sexually transmitted disease, colorful and fragrant discharge is observed. Yellow, green, gray color, sometimes accompanied by an unpleasant odor, sometimes bloody, painful and foamy discharge may occur. In men, discharge from the penis can be a harbinger of sexually transmitted diseases.
BURNING WHILE URINATING AND FREQUENT URGE TO URINATE: In the presence of a sexually transmitted disease resembling a urinary tract infection, burning may be felt while urinating. Also, frequent urge to urinate may be a symptom of sexual disease.
DIARRHEA AND NAUSEA: Diarrhea and nausea, which are symptoms of many diseases, may also be a symptom of a sexually transmitted disease.
EXTREME SWEATING: More sweating than usual, or sudden flushing with no reason are among the symptoms of many sexually transmitted diseases.
What are sexually transmitted diseases?
Syphilis, also known as syphilis, is a sexually transmitted chronic and common disease. This disease consisting of 4 different stages should be treated immediately. It is seen in the sexual area, rectum, around the mouth and lips, with the formation of red, wet boils. In the last phase, the heart, liver, nervous tissues begin to damage bone and skin tissues.
This disease, also known as gonorrhea, shows its symptoms within the first week after sexual intercourse. Purulent urinary tract discharge and burning while urinating are observed. As a result of these symptoms, the patient develops a urinary tract infection. It manifests in the form of cervical inflammation in women, vaginal discharge, bleeding during and after sexual intercourse.
HPV infection, defined as the Human Papilloma Virus, can be caused by over a hundred different viruses. It is important to carry out the relevant tests after a risky relationship, as it is thought that these virus types that are transmitted to the body of the person are directly related to cancer formation. Warts caused by this disease, which is transmitted from person to person with contact during vaginal, anal or oral sex, appear about 9 months after sexual contact.
HSV infection caused by Herpes Simplex Virus manifests itself as genital herpes. It follows with complaints such as cold fever, headache and weakness. HSV, which is seen as itchy, painful blisters and redness around the genital area and anus, can be transmitted by kissing as well as sexual contact.
Symptoms of AIDS disease requiring lifelong drug treatment appear in 2 to 4 weeks after sexual intercourse. AIDS, an immune problem caused by the HIV virus, initially shows symptoms similar to flu and cold. Afterwards, it can multiply rapidly within the body without showing any symptoms for years. It manifests itself as an insufficiency of the immune system after approximately 5 to 10 years. AIDS, which is transmitted by contact with blood and sexual fluids, is not transmitted by sharing the same environment and objects with the sick person, sweat, tears and mosquito bites.
Hepatitis B, transmitted by blood, urine and body fluids, is a disease that can be protected by vaccination. Hepatitis B, which causes irreversible diseases such as liver failure and liver cancer, is brought under control with methods suitable for the period of the disease.
Chlamydia is a disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia, which is characterized by burning and frequent urination in the urine, itching, discharge, redness, wound formations in the genital area, are treated with medication.
See Also: Urinary Tract Infection