Thyroid cancer surgeries offer two different methods. These methods are preferred over damage to the thyroid gland. Lectomy and Thyroidectomy cover different application techniques as surgical options.
In thyroidectomy, all or almost all of the thyroid gland is removed. It is the most frequently used method for thyroid cancer surgery. The advantage of this surgical method is that the risk of recurrence of cancer can be observed after surgery. The choice between these two surgical methods is determined by the condition of cancer.
Surgical methods used in the treatment of thyroid cancer:
Robotic Surgery (Robotically Assisted Minimally Invasive Surgery):
In robotic surgery method, surgeries are performed by the surgeon with the help of a robot using small incisions. During the operation, the robot sends the surgeon’s movements to the patient simultaneously and carefully. One of the two surgeons working in the operation, stands at the console in the operating room and directs the operation, while the other surgeon is at the patient’s side and assists his colleague in the console. The robot device has more mobility than a human hand, and thanks to its special camera, the 3D real image moves forward to the surgeon’s console and guides the surgeon who performs the operation at the console. The very small incisions made during the operation facilitate the recovery process of the patient after the operation. Thus, the patient begins to adapt to his normal life and daily activities in a short time.
In the treatment of thyroid cancer, cancerous lobe or all of the thyroid is removed with robotic surgery method. Since the nerves responsible for the functions of the vocal cords near the thyroid glands are important structures such as the parathyroid glands that control the calcium metabolism of the body, the sensitivity of thyroid cancer surgery is very important for the patient’s quality of life to continue.
The operation is performed through an incision in the midline of the lower neck. The biggest advantage of open surgery is that the surgeon feels the tissues and performs the surgery. In addition, the size of the incision opened causes the patient to heal longer.
Minimally Invasive Video-Assisted Thyroidectomy:
The endoscope and endoscopic instruments are used in the operation performed through a small incision. Two surgeons work together throughout the operation. The operation is performed under the guidance of a 2D image provided by the endoscope. The cancerous part or all of the thyroid is removed and the surgery is ended.