What is laparoscopy?
It is called the swelling of the abdomen with carbon dioxide gas and the examination of the organs in the abdomen with an optical camera. Also known as closed surgery. It is also used in gynecology to examine internal genital organs. When necessary, surgical intervention is performed.
How is laparoscopy performed?
The area is inflated by giving gas into the abdominal cavity with the help of a needle. A camera is placed by entering into the abdomen at the level of the navel. By opening 2-3 pieces of 5-10 mm wide holes in the abdominal wall, the tools used for the procedure are placed in the abdominal cavity and the necessary surgical intervention is performed with the help of these tools.
Why is laparoscopy preferred?
Almost all of the open operations are performed laparoscopically. The patient feels less pain due to the much smaller incisions on the skin. Other advantages include being discharged from the hospital earlier and returning to his daily life earlier. It is also a preferred method in terms of aesthetic appearance.
Gynecological surgeries performed by laparoscopy method:
- Removal of the uterus (hysterectomy)
- Ovarian removal (oophorectomy)
- Ovarian cyst removal (cystectomy)
- Tubes removal (salpingectomy)
- Taking fibroids (myomectomy)
- Connecting the tubes (tube ligation)
- Opening adhesions in the abdomen (adhesiolysis)
- Opening the tubes
- Correction of uterine prolapse (sacrocolpopexy)
- Uterine cancer surgery
Open surgery should be preferred in women with very large and multiple myomas and women with ovarian cancer.