Our body has a smooth functioning. Each organ gives its own task and performs its functions in its position in the body. It is not possible for the kidney to move to another place or be removed from the heart and adjacent to the intestines. But there is something indispensable for the body: circulating the whole body, communicating with all organs: Blood. The blood reaching the whole body through the veins carries the news about our organs. For example, we ask the blood if the thyroid gland is working properly. We learn from the blood of the arrival of a new baby. Or even before symptoms occur for other diseases, blood can give us an idea of what’s going on in the body. Blood tests are done for this.
Hemogram (Blood count)
- Very small amount of blood examined by automatic machines gives us information about anemia (red blood cells), what kind of anemia, excessive blood production (polycythemia), inflammatory status (leukocyte), indirect disease of a leukemia type Provides findings or information on bone marrow diseases (Pancytopenia), coagulation (platelet) information.
- Sedimentation: It is the process of measuring the blood sedimentation rate. It is high in inflammatory conditions, rheumatic diseases, microbial conditions, blood diseases and some cancers. The result is low in excessive blood production (polycythemia).
*Urea-Bun-Creatinine: It is related to the work of the kidneys. The result is high in kidney failure.
*Uric acid: It is the final product of protein breakdown. It is high in gout and kidney failure. It can be high in those who are fed with excess protein and blood diseases.
- AST-ALT: Provides information about liver functions. AST can also be high in heart and muscle diseases, alcohol users.
- Glucose: It shows the sugar value in the blood.
- HbA1c: It shows the average of blood sugar in the last 2-3 months, it is considered normal not to exceed 6%.
- GGT-ALP: Its high occurrence brings to mind liver and biliary tract diseases. ALP can also indicate bone diseases. It can be found physiologically high in children and pregnant women.
- Cholesterol- Triglyceride: It shows the rate of fat in the blood.
- HDL cholesterol: Reports useful cholesterol value.
- LDL cholesterol: Describes the harmful cholesterol ratio.
- LDH-CK-CPK = CK MB, Troponin, Myoglobin, AST: Values related to heart diseases.
- LDH CPK, AST: It can be high in muscle diseases.
- LDH: High values can be found in blood diseases and tumors.
- T protein- Albumin: It shows blood proteins.
- Lipase-Amylase: Indicates pancreatic diseases but may be high in other diseases.
- Na- K- Ca- P- Mg: It shows the salt value in the blood. Being outside of normal values can cause serious diseases.
- Iron- iron binding capacity- ferritin: It shows blood and storage iron levels.
- CRP: It is a finding of a newly formed infection or inflammation.
- RF-Anti CCP- ANA = FANA, ENA: These are the tests required in inflammatory rheumatism tests.
- ASO: It is an indicator of microbial throat inflammation.
- FT3, FT4, TSH: Indicates the functioning of the thyroid gland.
- Thyroid antibodies (AntiTPO, AntiTG): Queries for the presence of autoantibodies against the thyroid gland.
- PT, PTT, INR: It is related to blood clotting levels.
- HBsAg, AntiHBs: Questions the presence of hepatitis B.
• Anti HCV: Questions the presence of hepatitis C.