The sex organ in men and women is called “gonad”. Gonads are also called “testicles” in men and “ovaries” in women. The main duties of the gonads are; secreting sex-specific hormones and producing reproductive cells.
If the gonad functions are insufficient, the so-called hypogonadism occurs. If hypogonadism is congenital, the person’s characteristic features of his own genus do not occur and puberty does not occur. Children who have reached the age of 12-13 and still do not show signs of puberty should be taken to the doctor. This condition may be a sign of hypogonadism.
Infertility is suspected in the event that they do not become pregnant within 1 year, even though they live an active and unprotected sex life. In this disease, which has no major symptoms, tests can be done to find out which of the couples caused the disease. Due to the easy application of the tests, the male is examined before the infertility examination.
Infertility in Men
Sperm count test is done first. Since the test result will not be considered sufficient alone, it is also examined whether there are structural or functional disorders in the reproductive organs. After all evaluations are made in men, if necessary, tests are made for women.
Infertility in Women
As the main cause of infertility is an ovulation disorder, it is first checked whether the ovulation process takes place in the order it should be. After necessary hormone tests, it is checked whether the tubes are clogged. If there is a blockage in the ovarian tubes, it may cause infertility as it prevents the egg from reaching the uterus. In addition, the uterus examination examines whether there is a structural defect in the uterus. Myoma or polyp observation is done.
Gynecomastia is a disorder for men that one or both breasts are enlarged like female breasts. It can be seen as a result of using certain medications or cannabis. It is essential to consult a specialist to check for an underlying cause.
POLYCYSTIC OVER SYNDROME
It is the most common hormone disease in women. The disease caused by excessive production of androgens in the ovaries is called polycystic ovary syndrome. When the level of androgens in the blood increases, hair growth, lubrication and acne formation may increase on the skin of the person. It can lead to hair loss and even infertility.