Black or brown spots formed as a result of melanocyte cells that produce and accumulate pigment in the skin produce excessive melanin are called “melasma”. Melasma formation during pregnancy is called “pregnancy mask” or “chloasma”. It usually occurs in the face area, but can also be seen in areas exposed to the sun for a long time.
Genetic and racial predisposition are the most important factors in the formation of malesma. Asian, Latin and Middle Eastern countries with slightly darker skin color are more likely to appear in women. It is not a symptom of any deficiency or disease.
What are the causes of melasma?
- Familial predisposition
- Birth control drugs
If melasma is caused by hormone irregularity, hormone therapy must be seen.
How is melasma diagnosed?
Visual inspection is sufficient for diagnosis. However, in order to see how superficially formed and how deep it is, a “wood lamp” examination can be done.
How can melasma be prevented?
As the sun’s rays trigger this skin spotting, high SPF sunscreens should be used to reapply every 2 hours in summer. In addition, sunglasses, large brimmed hats, umbrellas and sun-protective clothing should be used.