The skin problem caused by obstruction of the oil-producing glands and hair follicles under the skin is called “acne”. Changes in the level of the hormone affect the formation of acne. Since adolescence, menstrual period, pregnancy, use of birth control pills and stress cause changes in hormone balance, an increase in acne formation can be observed in these periods.
Causes of acne formation
- Some medicines
- Overactivity of a type of hormone (androgens)
- Excessive oil production of the skin
- Pores clogged by oil and dead skin cells
- Acne tightening, irritation
- Pollution (prepares the environment for bacterial growth)
- Irritation from moisture or sun exposure
Since the production of fat in the body increases during adolescence, it is natural to see an increase in acne formation. During this period, an adolescent’s irritating the skin by squeezing acne, who is disturbed by the presence of acne on the skin, especially in the face area, can lead to the formation of permanent spots. Also, similarly, people who are under intense stress may have an increase in acne, and due to the stressful state they are in, irritating the acne, perhaps scraping it with a nail, and creating a crusty scar, may cause permanent scars.
Care should be taken for skin cleansing, avoiding intensive use of cosmetics. Care should be taken that the nutrients to enter the body, which are already too fatty, are not oily. It is necessary to stay away from packaged foods such as chips, chocolate, and take care of a healthy diet. It should also be remembered that smoking, which is another sign of unhealthy, causes many skin problems.
How is acne treated?
Acne is a curable skin discomfort, but not all pimples are treated in the same way. Considering the patient’s age, gender, inflammatory status and extent of acne, appropriate treatment should be chosen.
- Benzoyl Peroxide
Part of the treatment: Skin cleansing
The skin should be cleaned twice a day with a suitable solution, gel or soap. It is also very important to moisturize the skin, as acne medications will cause dryness on the skin. Moisturizers suitable for the skin type should be preferred. Care should be taken to ensure that the creams used are oil-free, as the purpose is to purify the skin.