Vaccinations

Vaccinations

Vaccination is a response similar to the immune response occurring after natural infection without causing a significant problem in living things by injecting non-viable or attenuated versions of microbes causing infectious diseases into the human body. After vaccination, our immune system begins to fight weakened microbes. However, this does not cause illness. Vaccination is one of the most effective, most economical and reliable methods of protecting society against infectious diseases.

Vaccinations

The purpose of immunity is to prevent the emergence of vaccine-protected diseases in infants and children and to prevent deaths and injuries caused by these diseases. We need to know that there are diseases that can be prevented by vaccination and that the presence of administered vaccines is a chance for our children.

Hepatitis B: It provides immunity against hepatitis B infection. It is administered intramuscularly in 3 doses at birth, at the 1st and 6th months.

Diphtheria: It provides immunity against diphtheria infection. It is administered in a 5-fold mixed vaccine at 2, 4, 6 months and 18 months. Reinforcement doses are made in the first and last years of primary education. It is applied intramuscularly.

Tetanus: It provides immunity against tetanus infection. It is administered in a 5-fold mixed vaccine at 2, 4, 6 months and 18 months. Reinforcement doses are made in the first and last years of primary education. It is applied intramuscularly.

Whooping cough: It provides immunity against whooping cough infection. It is administered in a 5-fold mixed vaccine at 2, 4, 6 months and 18 months. Reinforcement doses are made in the first and last years of primary education. It is applied intramuscularly.

BCG vaccine (Tuberculosis vaccine): It provides immunity against common tuberculosis in common and severe tuberculosis. It is applied into the skin in the 2nd month after birth. After about 1.5-2 months, there is a skin reaction that heals by leaving a scar. The absence of wounds in the vaccinated place does not mean that the vaccine does not hold.

Hemophilus Influenza Type b (Hib vaccine): It is the most common vaccine against bacteria that cause meningitis especially in infancy. However, thanks to routine vaccinations, this infection is almost never seen. It is also known as the meningitis vaccine among the people. It is administered intramuscularly in a 5-fold mixed vaccine at 2, 4, 6 months and 18 months.

Polio (Polio): It provides immunity against polio infection. It is administered in a 5-fold mixed vaccine at 2, 4, 6 months and 18 months. Reinforcement doses are made in the first and last years of primary education. It is applied intramuscularly. It is given as an oral drop at the 6th and 18th months.

Varicella (Chicken Pox) Vaccine: It is a subcutaneous vaccine administered at the same time with MMR (measles-rubella mumps) and pneumococcal vaccines at the age of one year.

Rotavirus Vaccine: It provides immunity to a virus (rotavirus) that causes intestinal infection in the form of fever, diarrhea and vomiting, especially in children under 2 years of age in winter. There are 2 forms that can be made in 2 or 3 doses. The vaccine is administered orally. The first dose should be made within 6 to 14 weeks after birth. The last dose should be done until the 28th week.

Measles vaccine: It provides immunity against measles infection. It is a triple vaccine made in the same syringe with rubella and mumps viruses. It can be applied intramuscularly or under the skin at the first age and in the first year of primary school.

Hepatitis A Vaccine: It is a vaccine against hepatitis A caused by the hepatitis A virus. Generally, it is administered intramuscularly in 2 doses with an interval of 6 months from the 18th month.

Mumps: It provides immunity against mumps infection. It is a triple vaccine made in the same syringe with rubella and measles viruses. It can be applied intramuscularly or under the skin. It is done at 1 year old and in the first class of primary education.

Rubella Vaccine: It provides immunity against rubella infection. It is a triple vaccine made in the same syringe with measles and mumps viruses. It can be applied intramuscularly or under the skin. It is done at 1 year old and in the first class of primary education.

HPV Vaccine: It is a vaccine against human papilloma virus. It is a virus that can cause cervical cancer in women. It can be applied from the age of 8 at the earliest. It is a 3 dosed vaccine.

See Also: Flu Vaccine

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