The bone structure that is formed by asymmetrical arrangement of the bone parts between the skull and tail, called the vertebra, is called the “spine”. The spine surgery department deals with spinal disorders. These ailments can be seen at any age. For example, while curvatures such as scoliosis and kyphosis are seen in childhood, degenerative problems, hernia, and bone loss problems in the lower back and neck regions are frequently encountered in middle age and old age.
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The bone structure that is formed by a symmetrical arrangement of the bone parts between the skull and tail, called the vertebra, is called the “spine”. The spine surgery department deals with spinal disorders. These ailments can be seen at any age. For example, while curvatures such as scoliosis and kyphosis are seen in childhood, degenerative problems, hernia and bone loss problems in the lower back and neck regions are frequently encountered in middle age and old age.
Scoliosis (Spinal curvature)
The problem of spinal curvature, which can be detected at an early age thanks to the care of parents, occurs before the age of 10 in children and may progress according to physical development. The main symptoms of spinal curvature, which brings many problems, especially respiratory distress, are:
- Increased pubescence, color changes and dimples in the back
- Balance problems
- Back protrusions when bending forward
- Shoulder heights being not equal
- Side stance on waist or hips
- Disproportionate posture on the legs relative to the trunk
Each of the cartilage pillow tissues located between the lumbar vertebrae consists of a solid outer layer called annulus fibrosis. The dislocation of this pillow tissue, called a disc, located between the two vertebrae outward from the vertebrae is called a herniated disc. Herniated disc causes weakness in the feet and legs as well as low back and leg pain. In cases where it does not improve with medication and exercise, a surgical operation is applied.
Cervical Discal Hernia
The protrusion of the disc between the vertebrae in the neck is called the cervical discal hernia. Cervical discal hernia, which initially shows symptoms such as neck pain, frequent stiffness, dizziness, short-term attacks of eyes, pain in the arm, numbness, tingling, loss of strength and incompetence in the hands, creates advanced problems such as loss of strength in the arms and legs, balance disorders, walking difficulties, urine incontinence in later stages.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
It is a disease caused by the decrease in the amount of fluid in the discs located between the vertebrae. As the amount of fluid decreases, the discs harden and move towards the spinal canal. Sometimes facet joints between the vertebrae are also exposed to the same process and lead to narrowing of the canal structure. As a result of the narrowing of the canal, the pressure is applied to the nerve root. In this case, symptoms such as cramping, numbness and pain in the back or legs appear.
Damage to the vertebrae due to falls, bumps, work, home and traffic accidents is called spinal trauma. Depending on the severity of the trauma, many different conditions such as vertebral fractures and slips may occur. The goal of treatment is to restore motor and sensory functions completely.
After 6 years of medical education, physicians who specialize in orthopedics and traumatology or neurosurgery specialize in this field by taking spine surgery training. Spinal cord surgeons, working multidisciplinary with other disciplines such as physical therapy and rehabilitation, neurology, arrange treatment for the disease and person after diagnosis by additional examinations and additional examinations made in line with the patient’s complaints.