The thyroid gland is under the lower jaw. It appears more prominently in men and is located just below the cartilage protrusion called Adam’s apple.
It is an organ located on both sides of the trachea and partly in front of it. The parts located on both sides of the trachea are called right and left parts (right lobe, left lobe or right thyroid, left thyroid). Thyroid is an internal gland. Its function is to produce hormones called T3 and T4 and release them into the blood. The main task of these hormones, which must be adequately present in the blood, is to control all processes related to the body’s metabolism and to ensure that they walk properly.
Surgery for thyroid is the removal of thyroid known in medicine as “thyroidectomy“.
Surgery can be performed unilaterally (right or left thyroid) or bilaterally, depending on the type of disease and the state of the thyroid. In unilateral surgery, only the thyroid tissue in that part is completely removed, in an operation that concerns the generality of the thyroid gland, the thyroid tissue on both sides is completely removed. In some thyroid cancer surgeries, the lymph nodes in the neck are also removed.
One of the most important problems that can occur in thyroid surgeries is the problems that may occur as a result of injury or injury to the nerves going to the vocal cords. These can be temporary and permanent. Temporary problems resolve between a few weeks and a few months, but permanent problems persist for life. There are two nerves adjacent to the thyroid. The main problem that develops due to upper nerve injury is that the voice is tired while talking and the high-tone sounds cannot be extracted. This problem is mostly noticeable in people who use their voice professionally (sound artists, teachers, etc.). It causes fewer problems for other people.
As a result of the damage to the second nerve, the lower nerve, considerable problems can arise from mild hoarseness to insufficient sound. In thyroid surgeries performed in experienced centers, the vocal cords are almost entirely protected. To prevent damage to the thyroid-related nerves, these nerves should be seen and protected with the careful surgical technique. For this purpose, a technique called nerve monitoring has been used recently. This technique allows the upper and lower nerves to be controlled with special devices during surgery