What is laparoscopy?
It is called the swelling of the abdomen with carbon dioxide gas and the examination of the organs in the abdomen with an optical camera. Also known as closed surgery. It is also used in gynecology to examine internal genital organs. When necessary, surgical intervention is performed.
How is laparoscopy performed?
In the laparoscopy method, the region is inflated by giving gas into the abdominal cavity with the help of a needle. The operation is performed by opening small incisions at the bottom of the abdomen so that a 10 mm diameter mini camera can enter and at the bottom of the abdomen, from 2 or 3 places, for surgical instruments with a diameter of 5 mm. In gynecological operations, a total of 3 of these incisions, called trocars, are opened under the navel and one on both sides of the groin, and the abdomen is entered. This method, which takes 30-60 minutes, is often preferred in gynecological operations. The operation is started by applying general anesthesia to the patient. The sick organ is examined and necessary action is taken. When the procedure is completed, the bleeding is stopped, the abdomen is cleaned and the cuts are closed and the operation is ended. This preferred method is especially avoided in cases where there is a risk of tumor cells spreading into the abdomen, since the small incisions in the body cause less pain and the patient heals more quickly.
Why is laparoscopy preferred?
Almost all open operations can also be performed laparoscopically. The patient feels less pain due to the much smaller incisions on the skin. Other advantages include being discharged from the hospital earlier and returning to his daily life earlier. It is also a preferred method in terms of aesthetic appearance.