Kidney Stones Screening

Kidney Stones

Should I Be Screened?

Kidney stones are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys.
Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract — from your kidneys to your bladder. Often, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and stick together.

Symptoms:

A kidney stone may not cause symptoms until it moves around within your kidney or passes into your ureter, the tube connecting the kidney and bladder. At that point, you may experience these signs and symptoms:

  • Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
  • Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin
  • Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
  • Pain on urination
  • Pink, red or brown urine
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Persistent need to urinate
  • Urinating more often than usual
  • Fever and chills if an infection is present
  • Urinating small amounts

Causes:

The leading cause of kidney stones is a lack of water in the body.
Stones are more commonly found in individuals who drink less than the recommended eight to ten glasses of water a day.

When there is not enough water to dilute the uric acid, a component of urine, the urine becomes more acidic.

An excessively acidic environment in urine can lead to the formation of kidney stones.
Medical conditions such as Crohn’s disease, urinary tract infections, renal tubular acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, medullary sponge kidney, and Dent’s disease increase the risk of kidney stones.

When to see a doctor

Seek immediate medical attention if you experience:

  • Pain so severe that you can’t sit still or find a comfortable position
  • Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting
  • Pain accompanied by fever and chills
  • Blood in your urine
  • Difficulty passing urine

If you would like more information about the Kidney Stones screening and when should you be screened talk to the Urologist expert’s physicians.

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What is the kidney? How is kidney stone formed?

Kidneys, the most important organs of the excretory system, are located on both sides of the spine. They are similar to beans. Its job is to purify the blood. The kidneys, which act as strainers, remove waste from the body through the urine and send the clean blood back to the circulation. During the cleansing of the blood, sediments consisting of crystals such as minerals and salt turn into kidney stones in time. If left untreated, it can block the kidney canals, causing it to fail to function, and even loss of kidneys, which can lead to other illnesses as it will greatly disrupt the body’s order.

Kidney stones can be seen in one or both kidneys. It can be seen at any age, but it is mostly found in the 30s. It is more likely to be seen in men. Even if it is treated, there is a possibility of recurrence, so one should be very careful about his diet.

 

   What are the causes of kidney stone formation?

  • Inadequate fluid intake is the main reason. Urine becomes more acidic when there is not enough water in the body, which is an important factor in kidney stone formation. Those who live in hot climates or those who have a lot of water loss by sweating excessively should be especially careful.
  • Gender is also a factor. It is more common in men.
  • Genetic elements can lead to kidney stones. Those with kidney disease in the family should be careful.
  • It is a recurring disease. People who have previously formed kidney stones are at risk.
  • Nutrition can also be effective in kidney stone formation. A diet high in protein, sodium or sugar increases the risk of kidney stones. Excess salt consumption also increases the amount of calcium removed from the kidneys, leading to stone formation.
  • The risk rate may increase in people who have undergone digestive system surgery.
  • Kidney stones may occur in overweight and obese people.
  • People with cystic kidney disease have higher rates of kidney stones.
  • Being a single kidney can increase the risk of kidney stones.
  • In urine, the stone formation may occur in cases where cystine, oxalate, uric acid or calcium rates increase.
  • Drugs that remove water from the body, calcium-based antacids and some antibiotics can prepare the ground for kidney stone formation.
  • Diseases such as frequent urinary tract infections, Crohn’s disease, renal tubular acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, medullary sponge kidney and Dent disease increase the risk of kidney stones.
  • Using vitamin D and calcium supplements for a long time can contribute to the formation of kidney stones.

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

  •         Severe chest, abdominal and low back pain
  •         Nausea and vomiting
  •         Change in urine color and smell; blood in the urine

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