Early Detection & Screening saves lives
Should I Be Screened?
The question of screening is a personal and complex one. It’s important for each man to talk with his doctor about whether prostate cancer screening is right for him.
When Should I Start Screening?
When to start screening is generally based on individual risk, with age 40 being a reasonable time to start screening for those at highest risk (genetic predispositions or strong family histories of prostate cancer at a young age).
For otherwise healthy men at high risk (positive family history), starting at age 40-45 is reasonable.
Guidelines differ for men at average risk. Some recommend an initial PSA and DRE at age 40, and others recommend starting at age 50. In general, all men should create a proactive prostate health plan that is right for them based on their lifestyle and family history.
What are your risk factors?
There are several major factors that influence risk, and unfortunately, some of them cannot be changed. Age: The older you are, the more likely you are to be diagnosed with prostate cancer. Although only 1 in 10,000 men under age 40 will be diagnosed, the rate shoots up to 1 in 38 for ages 40 to 59, and 1 in 14 for ages 60 to 69.
In fact, more than 65% of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over the age of 65. The average age at diagnosis of prostate cancer in the United States is 69 years. After that age, the chance of developing prostate cancer becomes more common than any other cancer in men or women.
About the prostate?
The more you know about the normal development and function of the prostate, where it’s located, and what it’s a ached to, the beer you can understand how prostate cancer develops and impacts a man’s life over time—due either to cancer growth or as a result of treatments.
The normal prostate is a small, squishy gland about the size of a walnut. It sits under the bladder and in front of the rectum.
The prostate is not essential for life, but it’s important for reproduction. It seems to supply substances that facilitate fertilization and sperm transit and survival.
The prostate is divided into several anatomic regions or zones. Most prostate cancer develops from the peripheral zone near the rectum. That’s why a digital rectal exam (DRE) is a useful screening test.
The ultimate goal is to prevent men from developing prostate cancer. Although significant progress has been made and genetic and environmental risk factors for prostate cancer have been identified, the evidence is not strong enough for conclusive recommendations.
To understand how to prevent prostate cancer, one must first understand what causes it. There are four major factors that influence one’s risk of developing prostate cancer. These are Age, Race, Family History and Where you live. These factors are difficult or impossible to change, however, there are many things that men can do to reduce or delay their risk of developing prostate cancer.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Minimize the amount of fat intake from red meat and dairy.
- Watch the amount of calcium intake.
- Eat more fish.
- Eat more tomatoes and cruciferous veggies.
- Avoid smoking for many reasons. Seek medical treatment for stress, high blood pressure or cholesterol and depression.
- Avoid over-supplementation.
- Relax more and enjoy life.
- Engage in early screening and talk with your healthcare provider about your risks.