What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder: this when your body cannot utilize sugar as a source of energy, as a consequence your blood sugar rise.
Insulin helps to move the glucose from the blood into your cells. In a person with diabetes, there is a problem with either: Insulin reserve (your body do not have enough insulin) or defected insulin or problem with insulin receptors.
Common Diabetes Symptoms
The following symptoms of diabetes are typical.
However, some people with diabetes may have symptoms so mild that they can go unnoticed.
- Frequent urination
- Feeling extremely thirsty or hungry- even though you are eating
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
- Weight loss – even though you are eating more or weight gain
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands or feet
What are the complications of diabetes?
If not treated, Diabetes can harm different parts of the body.
- The eyes
- Blood vessels and nerves
- Joints and skin
If diabetes is detected early, it can be treated and the risk of developing serious problems can be greatly reduced.
What is ‘type 1 diabetes mellitus’?
When someone has type 1 diabetes:
Their pancreas cannot produce insulin. The exact cause of this condition is still unknown. It usually occurs in people under 35
years of age, but there are exceptions to this.
How is ‘type 1’ diabetes treated?
People with this type of diabetes need to inject insulin or use an insulin pump.
What is ‘type 2 diabetes mellitus’?
When someone has type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still produces some insulin, but the pancreas is not producing enough insulin to meet the body’s needs; or the insulin that is produced is not working very well. Older people are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, but there are exceptions to this…
How is ‘type 2’ diabetes treated?
There are various ways to treat type 2 diabetes. The choice depends on many factors and differs between individuals. Treatment may include any of the following combinations:
- diet and exercise
- diet, exercise, and medication
- diet, exercise, medication, and insulin
- weight reduction through bariatric surgery as a final destination.