Diabetes and Your Health

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What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder: this when your body cannot utilize sugar as a source of energy, as a consequence your blood sugar rise.

Insulin helps to move the glucose from the blood into your cells. In a person with diabetes, there is a problem with either: Insulin reserve (your body do not have enough insulin) or defected insulin or problem with insulin receptors.

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Common Diabetes Symptoms

The following symptoms of diabetes are typical.

However, some people with diabetes may have symptoms so mild that they can go unnoticed.

  • Frequent urination
  • Feeling extremely thirsty or hungry- even though you are eating
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
  • Weight loss – even though you are eating more or weight gain
  • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands or feet
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What are the complications of diabetes?

If not treated, Diabetes can harm different parts of the body.

  • The eyes
  • Kidneys
  • Heart
  • Blood vessels and nerves
  • Joints and skin

If diabetes is detected early, it can be treated and the risk of developing serious problems can be greatly reduced.

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What is ‘type 1 diabetes mellitus’?

When someone has type 1 diabetes:

Their pancreas cannot produce insulin. The exact cause of this condition is still unknown. It usually occurs in people under 35
years of age, but there are exceptions to this.

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How is ‘type 1’ diabetes treated?

People with this type of diabetes need to inject insulin or use an insulin pump.

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What is ‘type 2 diabetes mellitus’?

When someone has type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still produces some insulin, but the pancreas is not producing enough insulin to meet the body’s needs; or the insulin that is produced is not working very well. Older people are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, but there are exceptions to this…

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How is ‘type 2’ diabetes treated?

There are various ways to treat type 2 diabetes. The choice depends on many factors and differs between individuals. Treatment may include any of the following combinations:

  • diet and exercise
  • diet, exercise, and medication
  • diet, exercise, medication, and insulin
  • weight reduction through bariatric surgery as a final destination.

If you have any questions or concerns, please book an appointment with our expert’s.

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